• Dr. Sanjay K. Agrawal Clinic Consultant Gastroenterologist in Raipur.

Hospital Address

M.S. Gastro and Heart Care Centre, Samta Colony Main Rd, in front of union bank, Raipur, Chhattisgarh 492001

Phone Number

+91 82995 89243

Email Address



Endoscopy is a crucial diagnostic and therapeutic procedure in the field of gastroenterology. Dr. Sanjay Agrawal, a distinguished gastroenterologist in Raipur, Chhattisgarh, emphasizes the significance of endoscopy for diagnosing and managing various gastrointestinal conditions. This blog aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of endoscopy, its indications, procedures, and benefits.

What is Endoscopy?

Endoscopy is a medical procedure that involves the insertion of a thin, flexible tube with a light and camera (endoscope) into the digestive tract. This allows doctors to visualize and examine the interior of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract, including the esophagus, stomach, and intestines. The procedure can be performed for both diagnostic and therapeutic purposes.

Why Do You Need Endoscopy?

Endoscopy is recommended for various reasons, primarily to diagnose and treat conditions affecting the digestive system. Dr. Sanjay Agrawal outlines several common indications for undergoing an endoscopy:

  1. Stomach Pain:
    • Persistent or severe stomach pain may warrant an endoscopic examination to identify the underlying cause, such as ulcers, gastritis, or other GI disorders.
  2. Changes in Bowel Habits:
    • Sudden changes in bowel habits, including chronic diarrhea, constipation, or unexplained weight loss, may necessitate an endoscopic evaluation to rule out conditions like inflammatory bowel disease or colorectal cancer.
  3. Digestive Tract Bleeding:
    • Detecting the source of bleeding in the GI tract, such as from ulcers or varices, is a critical indication for endoscopy. Identifying and addressing bleeding sites promptly can prevent severe complications.
  4. Polyps or Growths in the Colon:
    • Endoscopy is essential for identifying and removing polyps or abnormal growths in the colon, which can be precursors to colorectal cancer.
  5. Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD):
    • Patients with chronic acid reflux or GERD symptoms may benefit from an endoscopy to assess the severity of the condition and check for complications like Barrett’s esophagus.
  6. Difficulty Swallowing:
    • Known as dysphagia, difficulty swallowing can be evaluated with endoscopy to determine if there are obstructions, strictures, or other abnormalities in the esophagus.

Types of Endoscopy

Several types of endoscopy are performed based on the area of the GI tract being examined. Dr. Sanjay Agrawal specializes in various endoscopic procedures, including:

  1. Upper Endoscopy (Esophagogastroduodenoscopy or EGD):
    • This procedure examines the upper part of the digestive tract, including the esophagus, stomach, and duodenum. It is commonly used to investigate symptoms like heartburn, nausea, vomiting, and upper abdominal pain.
  2. Colonoscopy:
    • Colonoscopy is used to examine the colon and rectum. It is essential for colorectal cancer screening, investigating changes in bowel habits, and diagnosing conditions like diverticulosis and inflammatory bowel disease.
  3. Capsule Endoscopy:
    • This involves swallowing a small, pill-sized camera that captures images of the entire digestive tract as it passes through. It is particularly useful for examining the small intestine, which is not easily accessible with traditional endoscopy.
  4. Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography (ERCP):
    • ERCP is a specialized procedure used to examine the bile ducts, pancreatic ducts, and gallbladder. It is often used to diagnose and treat conditions like gallstones, strictures, and pancreatitis.
  5. Endoscopic Ultrasound (EUS):
    • EUS combines endoscopy with ultrasound to obtain detailed images of the digestive tract and surrounding tissues. It is used for staging cancers, evaluating cysts, and guiding fine-needle aspiration biopsies.

Benefits of Endoscopy

Endoscopy offers several advantages over traditional diagnostic methods. Dr. Sanjay Agrawal highlights the key benefits:

  1. Minimally Invasive:
    • Endoscopy is a minimally invasive procedure that typically requires only mild sedation. It avoids the need for large incisions, resulting in quicker recovery times and fewer complications.
  2. Accurate Diagnosis:
    • The direct visualization of the GI tract allows for accurate diagnosis of various conditions, including ulcers, tumors, infections, and inflammatory diseases.
  3. Therapeutic Capabilities:
    • In addition to diagnosis, endoscopy can be used for therapeutic interventions, such as removing polyps, cauterizing bleeding sites, dilating strictures, and placing stents.
  4. Early Detection of Cancer:
    • Endoscopy plays a crucial role in the early detection and prevention of gastrointestinal cancers. Regular screening can identify precancerous conditions and allow for timely treatment.
  5. Biopsy and Tissue Sampling:
    • During an endoscopy, tissue samples (biopsies) can be taken for further analysis. This helps in the accurate diagnosis of infections, cancers, and other GI conditions.

Preparing for an Endoscopy

Preparation for an endoscopy depends on the type of procedure being performed. Dr. Sanjay Agrawal provides detailed instructions to ensure a successful and safe examination:

  1. Fasting:
    • Patients are usually required to fast for several hours before the procedure to ensure an empty stomach, which allows for a clear view of the GI tract.
  2. Medication Adjustments:
    • Certain medications, especially blood thinners, may need to be adjusted or temporarily discontinued. Dr. Sanjay Agrawal will provide specific instructions based on the patient’s medical history.
  3. Clear Liquids Diet:
    • For procedures like colonoscopy, patients may be instructed to follow a clear liquids diet for a day before the procedure and take a bowel-cleansing solution to empty the colon.
  4. Arrangements for Transportation:
    • Since sedation is often used during endoscopy, patients should arrange for someone to drive them home after the procedure.

Post-Endoscopy Care

After an endoscopy, patients may experience mild discomfort, such as a sore throat or bloating, which usually resolves within a few hours. Dr. Sanjay Agrawal advises on post-procedure care to ensure a smooth recovery:

  1. Rest:
    • Patients should rest for the remainder of the day and avoid strenuous activities.
  2. Diet:
    • A light diet is recommended initially, gradually resuming normal eating habits as tolerated.
  3. Medication:
    • Any prescribed medications should be taken as directed. Pain relief medications may be recommended if needed.
  4. Follow-Up:
    • Dr. Sanjay Agrawal will schedule a follow-up appointment to discuss the results of the endoscopy and any necessary treatment plans.

Contact Information

For appointments and further information, please contact:

Phone: +91-8815882181
WhatsApp: +91-82995 89243
Email: drskagrawal85@gmail.com
Website: www.thegastroliverclinic.com

  • M.S. Gastro and Heart Care Centre, Samta Colony Main Rd, In front of Union Bank, Raipur, Chhattisgarh 492001
  • SMC Superspeciality Hospital, VIP Estate, Vidhan Sabha Rd, LIC Colony, Mowa, Raipur, Chhattisgarh 492001


Endoscopy is a vital tool in the diagnosis and treatment of gastrointestinal conditions. Understanding when and why you might need an endoscopy can help you make informed decisions about your health. Dr. Sanjay Agrawal’s expertise in gastroenterology ensures that patients receive top-quality care with the latest endoscopic techniques. If you are experiencing symptoms that may require an endoscopy, do not hesitate to contact Dr. Sanjay Agrawal’s clinic for professional advice and treatment.

Post a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *