• Dr. Sanjay K. Agrawal Clinic Consultant Gastroenterologist in Raipur.

Hospital Address

M.S. Gastro and Heart Care Centre, Samta Colony Main Rd, in front of union bank, Raipur, Chhattisgarh 492001

Phone Number

+91 82995 89243

Email Address


Peptic Ulcers

Peptic ulcers are a prevalent and painful condition affecting many individuals worldwide. They are sores that develop in the lining of the stomach, small intestine, or esophagus, often causing significant discomfort and leading to various complications if left untreated. Dr. Sanjay Agrawal, a renowned gastroenterologist in Raipur, India, offers expert care and treatment for those suffering from this condition.

What Are Peptic Ulcers?

Peptic ulcers are open sores that occur on the inner lining of the stomach (gastric ulcers) or the upper part of the small intestine (duodenal ulcers). The most common cause of peptic ulcers is an infection with a bacterium called Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori). Another common cause is the long-term use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as ibuprofen and aspirin. Stress and spicy foods do not cause ulcers but can exacerbate the symptoms.

Symptoms of Peptic Ulcers

The symptoms of peptic ulcers can vary greatly, but the most common signs include:

  1. Abdominal Pain: A burning or gnawing sensation in the stomach area, often occurring between meals or at night.
  2. Bloating: Feeling of fullness or bloating even after eating a small amount of food.
  3. Heartburn: A burning sensation in the chest, often mistaken for heart pain.
  4. Nausea or Vomiting: Feeling sick to the stomach or actual vomiting.
  5. Loss of Appetite and Weight Loss: Reduced desire to eat and unintended weight loss.
  6. Vomiting Blood: In severe cases, ulcers can cause bleeding, leading to vomiting blood or passing dark stools.

Causes and Risk Factors

While H. pylori infection and NSAID usage are the primary causes, several risk factors can increase the likelihood of developing peptic ulcers:

  • Smoking: Increases stomach acid production and reduces the effectiveness of the stomach lining’s protective barrier.
  • Alcohol Consumption: Irritates and erodes the mucous lining of the stomach.
  • High Stress Levels: Although not a direct cause, stress can exacerbate symptoms and slow the healing process.
  • Certain Foods: Spicy and acidic foods can aggravate the symptoms but are not direct causes.

Diagnosis and Treatment

Dr. Sanjay Agrawal emphasizes the importance of early diagnosis and treatment to prevent complications such as perforation, bleeding, and obstruction. The diagnostic process usually involves:

  • Endoscopy: A procedure where a thin, flexible tube with a camera is inserted into the stomach to look for ulcers.
  • H. pylori Tests: Breath, blood, or stool tests to check for H. pylori infection.
  • Imaging Tests: X-rays or CT scans if complications are suspected.

Treatment Options

The treatment for peptic ulcers typically involves a combination of medications and lifestyle changes:

  1. Antibiotics: To eradicate H. pylori infection.
  2. Proton Pump Inhibitors (PPIs): Reduce stomach acid production to allow the ulcer to heal.
  3. H2-Receptor Antagonists: Also reduce stomach acid production.
  4. Antacids: Neutralize existing stomach acid and provide quick pain relief.
  5. Cytoprotective Agents: Protect the lining of the stomach and small intestine.

Lifestyle and Dietary Modifications

In addition to medication, Dr. Sanjay Agrawal advises patients to make certain lifestyle and dietary changes to aid in the healing process and prevent recurrence:

  • Avoid NSAIDs: Use alternative pain relievers like acetaminophen.
  • Quit Smoking: Reduces stomach acid production and promotes healing.
  • Limit Alcohol: Reduces irritation to the stomach lining.
  • Eat Smaller, Frequent Meals: Reduces the burden on the stomach.
  • Manage Stress: Techniques such as yoga, meditation, and exercise can help reduce stress levels.

Preventive Measures

Preventing peptic ulcers involves addressing the risk factors and maintaining a healthy lifestyle:

  • Practice Good Hygiene: Wash hands frequently to prevent H. pylori infection.
  • Use NSAIDs Wisely: Limit use and take with food if necessary.
  • Regular Check-ups: Especially if you have a history of ulcers or other gastrointestinal issues.

Consulting Dr. Sanjay Agrawal

For those experiencing symptoms of peptic ulcers or seeking expert care, Dr. Sanjay Agrawal provides comprehensive diagnosis and treatment options. With clinics at the M.S. Gastro and Heart Care Centre and the SMC Superspeciality Hospital in Raipur, patients receive state-of-the-art care and personalized treatment plans.

Contact Information:


Peptic ulcers are a serious condition that can lead to significant health issues if not treated promptly. Recognizing the symptoms and understanding the causes are the first steps towards effective treatment. With the expert care of Dr. Sanjay Agrawal, patients in Raipur have access to top-notch medical care for managing and treating peptic ulcers. By following the recommended treatment plans and lifestyle modifications, individuals can achieve better health outcomes and prevent future occurrences.

If you or someone you know is suffering from symptoms of a peptic ulcer, don’t hesitate to reach out to Dr. Sanjay Agrawal for professional and compassionate care.

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