• Dr. Sanjay K. Agrawal Clinic Consultant Gastroenterologist in Raipur.

Hospital Address

M.S. Gastro and Heart Care Centre, Samta Colony Main Rd, in front of union bank, Raipur, Chhattisgarh 492001

Phone Number

+91 82995 89243

Email Address


Esophageal Varices

Esophageal varices are a critical medical condition characterized by abnormal, enlarged veins in the esophagus. This condition requires prompt medical attention due to its potential severity and complications. Dr. Sanjay Agrawal, a leading Gastroenterologist in Raipur, provides comprehensive care and expertise in managing esophageal varices. Here, we delve into what esophageal varices are, their symptoms, and how Dr. Sanjay Agrawal can help.

What Are Esophageal Varices?

Esophageal varices are swollen veins in the lower part of the esophagus, often resulting from obstructed blood flow to the liver. This obstruction increases pressure in the portal vein (portal hypertension), causing veins in the esophagus to enlarge and sometimes rupture, leading to severe bleeding.

Common Symptoms of Esophageal Varices

Recognizing the symptoms of esophageal varices is crucial for early intervention and treatment. The common symptoms include:

  1. Hypotension & Tachycardia: Low blood pressure and rapid heartbeat can be indicative of bleeding varices.
  2. Black, Tarry Stools (Melena): This is a sign of gastrointestinal bleeding.
  3. Dizziness or Lightheadedness: Caused by blood loss and resulting anemia.
  4. Vomiting Blood: A critical sign of ruptured varices.
  5. Difficulty Swallowing: Due to the enlarged veins obstructing the esophagus.
  6. Enlarged Veins Around the Belly Button: This can be a sign of portal hypertension.
  7. Web of Swollen Blood Vessels in the Skin: Indicative of advanced liver disease and increased pressure in the portal vein.

Causes and Risk Factors

Esophageal varices most commonly occur in individuals with serious liver diseases such as cirrhosis. Chronic liver diseases can lead to scarring (fibrosis), which obstructs blood flow and increases pressure in the portal vein.

Diagnosis and Treatment

Dr. Sanjay Agrawal employs state-of-the-art diagnostic techniques, including endoscopy, to identify and assess the severity of esophageal varices. Treatment strategies may include:

  • Medications: To reduce portal hypertension and prevent bleeding.
  • Endoscopic Therapy: Banding or sclerotherapy to control bleeding.
  • Beta-blockers: To reduce the risk of bleeding by lowering blood pressure.
  • Transjugular Intrahepatic Portosystemic Shunt (TIPS): A procedure to create new pathways for blood flow in the liver.

Why Choose Dr. Sanjay Agrawal?

Dr. Sanjay Agrawal is renowned for his expertise in gastroenterology and hepatology. His clinic in Raipur offers a multidisciplinary approach to the diagnosis and management of esophageal varices. Patients receive personalized care tailored to their specific condition, ensuring the best possible outcomes.

Contact Information

For those seeking expert care for esophageal varices and other gastroenterological conditions, Dr. Sanjay Agrawal is available for consultations at:

  • MS. Gastro and Heart Care Centre
  • Address: Samta Colony Main Rd, In front of Union Bank, Raipur, Chhattisgarh 492001
  • SMC Superspeciality Hospital
  • Address: VIP Estate, Vidhan Sabha Rd, LIC Colony, Mowa, Raipur, Chhattisgarh 492001
  • Website: www.thegastroliverclinic.com
  • Email: drskagrawal85@gmail.com
  • Phone: +91-8815882181, +91-8299589243


Esophageal varices are a serious medical condition that requires timely and effective treatment. Dr. Sanjay Agrawal’s expertise and comprehensive care approach make him a leading choice for patients in Raipur and beyond. Early detection and treatment can significantly improve outcomes, making it crucial to consult with a specialist if you experience any symptoms associated with esophageal varices.

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